ARABICA vs ROBUSTA Coffee Beans: The battle of beans

Coffee Beans

Introduction

Coffee has become a popular drink in recent times. In many countries, people prefer coffee over any other beverage. Coffee is a caffeinated drink that is made from roasted coffee beans. Even though they are popularly called beans, they are seeds of coffee cherries. The optimal growing conditions for coffee plants include rich soil, mild temperature with plenty of rain, and sunshine. Also, the higher the elevation level, the higher the quality of coffee beans. Famous coffee cultivation areas are Brazil, Colombia, Kenya, Ethiopia, and India. All these areas produce unique types of coffee. However, people are still unaware of different types of coffee beans. 

The two dominating varieties of coffee with unique qualities are Arabica and Robusta. 

Robusta is often described as having a burnt rubber earthy taste due to the higher caffeine content and lower sugar concentration than Arabica. 

Arabica coffee tends to have a natural little sweet taste that isn’t as intense as Robusta leading many to prefer the taste of Arabica. Even coffee brands brag about 100% Arabica in their coffee bags or jars because most coffee lovers prefer 100% Arabica to a blend of Arabica and Robusta. 

Despite being the two most popular breeds of coffee. They have differences, which has made it crucial to highlight them.

Differences between Arabica and Robusta Coffee Beans

1. TASTE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN ARABICA AND ROBUSTA COFFEE BEANS

Arabica is known for its sweet taste. Most coffee lovers prefer the pleasant notes of fruits, florals, chocolate, and nuts of Arabica. At the same time, Robusta has a burnt, rubber earthy taste due to its higher caffeine content and lower sugar concentration compared to Arabica. 

2. CAFFEINE LEVELS DIFFERENCE BETWEEN ARABICA AND ROBUSTA COFFEE BEANS

Arabica is known to have about 1.5 percent caffeine content, while Robusta is known to have about 2.7 percent of caffeine. Because of the caffeine level, Robusta is preferred by some people. Its high caffeine concentration makes it taste bitter.

3. SHAPE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN ARABICA AND ROBUSTA COFFEE BEANS

When the beans are not yet crushed, there stands a difference between these two varieties. Arabica beans are a bit flat and widen, more of an oblong shape. While Robusta beans, on the other hand, are round, paler, a bit smaller, and have a less pronounced centre crease. The difference in shape can help you to distinguish between the two, just at a glance.

4. PRODUCTION DIFFERENCE BETWEEN ARABICA AND ROBUSTA COFFEE BEANS

Arabica is majorly grown in Latin American countries. It is also popularly grown in some African countries as well. At the same time, Robusta grows in some Latin countries also. Vietnam is the largest Robusta producing country. And Brazil is the largest Arabica producing country.

5. PRICE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN ARABICA AND ROBUSTA COFFEE BEANS

These two coffee varieties differ when it comes to pricing. When you look at the green beans of Arabica and green beans of Robusta, the difference is vast. The cost of green beans of Arabica is twice the price of Robusta. It is because of the massive demand for Arabica. Also, due to the extra care that Arabica needs while cultivating increases its cost.

6. PLANT FEATURES DIFFERENCE BETWEEN ARABICA AND ROBUSTA COFFEE BEANS

Arabica is not a tall plant. It stretches to a height of about 2.5 to 4.5 meters. Robusta is different from Arabica. Its plant stature is about 4.5 to 6.5 meters. 

Arabica is delicate, has low resistance to weather and disease, and has more cultivating requirements than Robusta. It grows on high altitudes. Whereas, Robusta has high resistance to weather and illness, has less specific needs, and can grow at lower altitudes.

7. QUALITY DIFFERENCE BETWEEN ARABICA AND ROBUSTA COFFEE BEANS

Arabica has been known for high quality, and this is when it is compared to Robusta. But it doesn’t mean that Robusta is of low quality. Robusta is easier to tend, has a higher yield, and naturally deters insects with its higher caffeine content. Many of these factors cause Robusta to be a cheaper alternative for farmers and end up sacrificing some quality.

Conclusion

No Contest! If you have to choose between Arabica and Robusta. Arabica, every season, every moment! Although it’s on the more expensive side, it’s worth it if you want to enjoy your morning cup of coffee. 
Unlike most coffee manufacturers, here at Perfetto’s, we use 100% high-grade Arabica coffee and blend both Arabica and Robusta in some of our variants. We believe in offering high-grade coffee to all our customers. The taste of Arabica coffee is much better, plus we Perfetto also provide variations of coffee from different parts of the world in our Premium Coffee range.

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